UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Rajasthan

UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Rajasthan

Overview – UNESCO World Heritage Sites of Rajasthan

Rajasthan, known as the Land of Kings, is still one of the most notable regions in India’s extensive cultural heritage. This state, which is the biggest in the country by land size, has managed to preserve what’s left of its ancient legacy. As an act of recognizing its socio-cultural importance, UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Rajasthan bestows nine places with this prestigious title. These sites stand as a testament to Rajasthan’s architectural marvels and include iconic landmarks such as Jaisalmer Fort, Amber Fort, and Keoladeo National Park. The inclusion on this list solidifies Rajasthan’s position as a custodian of heritage and ensures that future generations can experience these incredible wonders firsthand.

List of UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Rajasthan

  1. Chittorgarh Fort
  2. Kumbhalgarh Fort
  3. Ranthambore Fort
  4. Amber Fort Jaipur
  5. Gagron Fort
  6. Jaisalmer Fort
  7. Jantar Mantar Jaipur
  8. Keoladeo National Park (Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary)
  9. The Architectural Work of Le Corbusier

Details about UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Rajasthan

Hill Forts of Rajasthan

Chittorgarh Fort

Chittorgarh Fort, a UNESCO World Heritage Site in Rajasthan, India, stands as a testament to Rajput valor and history. Spanning over 700 acres, it features impressive structures like Vijay Stambha and Kirti Stambha. The fort’s resilience against numerous sieges and its architectural grandeur make it a significant cultural and historical landmark.

Kumbhalgarh Fort

Kumbhalgarh Fort, a UNESCO World Heritage Site in Rajasthan, India, is renowned for its colossal walls, extending over 36 kilometers, making them the second-longest in the world after the Great Wall of China. The fort, built in the 15th century, boasts intricate architecture and served as a stronghold for the Mewar kingdom.

Ranthambore Fort

Ranthambore Fort, a UNESCO World Heritage Site in Rajasthan, India, stands majestically within Ranthambore National Park. Dating back to the 10th century, it showcases a blend of Rajput and Mughal architecture. The fort’s strategic location offers panoramic views and serves as a historical testament to the region’s rich heritage.

Amber Fort Jaipur

Amber Fort in Jaipur, Rajasthan, designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site, is a splendid example of Rajput architecture. Built in the 16th century, it features ornate palaces, courtyards, and the famed Sheesh Mahal (Mirror Palace). The fort’s hilltop setting provides breathtaking views of the surrounding landscape, adding to its allure.

Gagron Fort

Gagron Fort, a UNESCO World Heritage Site in Rajasthan, India, is a unique water fort situated at the confluence of rivers Ahu and Kali Sindh. Surrounded by water on three sides, this medieval fort, built in the 14th century, boasts impressive architecture and has historical significance in the region’s cultural landscape.

Jaisalmer Fort

Jaisalmer Fort, a UNESCO World Heritage Site in Rajasthan, India, is a captivating desert citadel known for its golden-hued architecture. Dating back to the 12th century, the fort features intricately carved sandstone buildings, Jain temples, and a vibrant market, embodying the rich cultural heritage of the region amidst the Thar Desert.

Other UNESCO World Heritage Site in Rajasthan

Jantar Mantar, Jaipur:

Jantar Mantar in Jaipur, Rajasthan, is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and an astronomical observatory built in the early 18th century by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II. It comprises a collection of nineteen architectural astronomical instruments, including the world’s largest stone sundial. The site reflects India’s scientific and cultural advancements from that era.

Keoladeo National Park (Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary):

Keoladeo National Park, also known as Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary, is a UNESCO World Heritage Site located in Bharatpur, Rajasthan, India. Established as a bird sanctuary in 1956, it is renowned for its diverse avian population, especially during the migratory season. The wetland ecosystem attracts a myriad of bird species, making it a significant site for birdwatching and conservation efforts.

The Architectural Work of Le Corbusier:

The city of Chandigarh, which is the capital of the states of Punjab and Haryana, is included in the list due to “The Architectural Work of Le Corbusier.” This Union Territory, shared between Haryana and Punjab, boasts an exquisite display of Le Corbusier’s architectural genius. With its modernist structures blending harmoniously with nature, Chandigarh stands as a testament to Le Corbusier’s vision. Although not located in Rajasthan itself, this vibrant city lies close to the northern borders of Rajasthan, showcasing Le Corbusier’s influence on urban design beyond geographical boundaries.

What Are the Criteria for Listing Places in UNESCO World Heritage Sites?

The UNESCO World Heritage Sites, carefully chosen for their cultural, natural, or mixed importance, undergo a rigorous selection process. Aspiring sites are evaluated against ten specific criteria set by UNESCO, with inclusion on the coveted World Heritage List requiring meeting at least one of these criteria. The criteria are as follows:

Cultural Criteria

Criterion (i): Represent a masterpiece of human creative genius.

This refers to exceptional achievements in architecture, town planning, monumental arts, or technology.

Criterion (ii): Exhibit an important interchange of human values, over a span of time or within a cultural area of the world, on developments in architecture or technology, monumental arts, town planning, or landscape design.

This involves sites that illustrate a significant exchange of human values or technological developments.

Criterion (iii): Bear a unique or at least exceptional testimony to a cultural tradition or to a civilization that is living or has disappeared.

This criterion recognizes sites that provide exceptional insights into a cultural tradition or a civilization.

Criterion (iv): Be an outstanding example of a type of building, architectural or technological ensemble, or landscape that illustrates a significant stage in human history.

Sites meeting this criterion exemplify a particular architectural or technological form that is significant in human history.

Natural Criteria

Criterion (vii): Contain superlative natural phenomena or areas of exceptional natural beauty and aesthetic importance.

This includes sites with outstanding geological formations, ecosystems, or landscapes.

Criterion (viii): Be outstanding examples representing major stages of Earth’s history, including the record of life, significant ongoing geological processes in the development of landforms, or significant geomorphic or physiographic features.

This involves sites that provide insights into Earth’s history or ongoing geological processes.

Criterion (ix): Be outstanding examples representing significant ongoing ecological and biological processes in the evolution and development of terrestrial, freshwater, coastal, and marine ecosystems and communities of plants and animals.

This criterion focuses on sites that demonstrate important ecological and biological processes.

Mixed Criteria

Criterion (x): Be outstanding examples of the traditional human settlement, land use, or sea use that is representative of a culture (or cultures), or human interaction with the environment, especially when it has become vulnerable under the impact of irreversible change.

This criterion applies to sites that showcase the interaction between human societies and the environment over time.

The prestigious designation of UNESCO World Heritage Sites demands an arduous evaluation process. Cultural sites undergo rigorous scrutiny by the International Council on Monuments and Sites (ICOMOS), while natural sites are assessed by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). For mixed sites, both organizations partake in evaluations. Ultimately, the annual sessions of the World Heritage Committee determine this esteemed title.


These are the UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Rajasthan as of Rajasthan Tourism Expert knowledge. It’s advisable to check for any updates or additions to the list, as new sites may have been added or there may have been changes since then. Rajasthan boasts an impressive array of cultural and architectural wonders that have earned recognition from UNESCO. Some of these include the majestic hill fortresses of Chittorgarh, Kumbhalgarh, and Ranthambore National Park with its iconic tiger reserve. The exquisite palaces and havelis of Jaipur, Jaisalmer, and Udaipur also showcase the rich heritage of this royal state.

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